Medical Compression

medical-1 medical-2Medical Grade compression can make a huge difference to your health. Elastic stockings and supports for the limbs compress the superficial veins and microcirculation pushes the blood from the superficial veins into the deep venous axis which works normally.  Reflux into superficial veins is reduced to the point of nothing depending on the compression exerted by the support.  This prevents problems of venous stasis or venous ulcers.  This mechanism of action can be explained more simply by saying that elastic compression generates a real “pump effect”.

Elastic compression is highly recommended in order to maintain results achieved following lymphatic drainage in cases of lymphoedema, preventing other fluid from accumulating and from increasing over time.  Compression (elastic compression in our case) is the force exerted by the tights or the support to compress the limb, facilitating the pump effect and helping blood and lymph circulation.

Compression is measured at predetermined points and is expressed in millimetres of mercury (mmHg).
Compression is clarified by specifying it to be graduated decreasing compression in the upwards direction.
The highest compression value is at the ankle, called point B in medical language.  The millimetres of mercury of compression indicated on the packages are measured at point B.

Classification of compression levels

medical-3Preventive and therapeutic stockings, tights and supports are classified, regarding compression, in compliance with Experimental European Standard UNI ENV 12718. This standard replaces the tables of EC member countries which assigned different pressure values.

 

 

 

 

CLASS A prevention

  • predisposed persons
  • swollen legs
  • telangiectasias
  • mild oedema

CLASS I light (L15-17 mmHg)

  • varicose veins
  • acrocyanosis
  • post-sclerotherapy of telangiectasias

CLASS I strong (H 18-21 mmHg)

  • truncal varicose veins
  • varicose veins with substantial oedema
  • post-varicectomy
  • post-sclerotherapy
  • arthrosis of the foot and knee

CLASS II (23-32 mmHg)

  • post-thrombotic syndrome
  • during treatment of ulcers
  • post-trauma treatment
  • angiodysplasias
  • deep venous thrombosis
  • deep venous insufficiency
  • reversible lymphoedema
  • lipoedema

CLASS III (34-46 mmHg)

  • severe oedema
  • chronic hypodermitis
  • irreversible lymphoedema

CLASS IV (>49 mmHg)

  • for all the pathologies already listed and present in their most severe form

When not to use graduated compression

Graduated compression should not be used in the presence of the following pathologies:

  • arterial pathology: compression of small size arteries would further reduce blood passage, creating pain and reduced blood supply
  • diabetes with neuropathy (pain of peripheral nerves following alteration of glucose metabolism)
  • moist dermatosis(reddened skin, abraded surface, secretion of serous fluid)
  • ongoing skin ulcer(not caused by venous insufficiency)
  • crural eczema
  • disorders of arterial circulation
  • Raynaud’s diseasearterial pathology with damage to the artery wall

Deniers

The deniers indicate the size (diameter) of the yarn used to weave the stockings and tights.  The lower the denier the more the tights are light and sheer.  The higher the denier the more compact, strong and resistant is the fabric, making the tights less sheer.

SOLIDEA has revolutionized this denier-transparency relationship. Studies, research, development, right combinations of yarns have led to unequalled softness and transparency even with very high deniers.

This is why modern women, who do not want to give up well-being and elegance, entrust their legs and body to SOLIDEA